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Old 12-05-2011, 13:38   #16
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Part 2 Study Guide. Airborne Operations

36. What are the responsibilities of the DACO?
a. 1 coordinates parachute issue and ground transport, 2 establishes a marshaling area, 3 confirms the marshaling area, 4 ensures radio / telephone communications, 5 briefs the JM on changes and restrictions, 6 is present at the Joint Weather decision, 7 notifies the DZSO when the aircraft depart, 8 notifies high headquarters and isolated the aircraft in the event there is a casualty on board 9 takes charge of Army personnel and equipment left aboard after the jump

37. What are the responsibilities of the Drop Zone Safety Officer (DZSO)?
a. The DZSO is responsible for the safe operation of the drop zone

38. What are the qualifications of a DZSO?
a. Must be Jumpmaster qualified and normally an E-6 or above

39. When must a Drop Zone be ready for operation?
a. One hour prior to Drop time

40. What are the time and task requirements of the DZSO?
a. 1 hour prior to drop – contract Range Control
b. 10 minutes prior – check winds on the DZ
c. 5 minutes prior – make final check with Range Control
d. 1 minute prior – final wind check, Go/No Go decision
e. After Jump – close the rage with Range Control

41. What are the jump restrictions for wind velocity?
a. 1 On the ground Winds not over 13 knots, 2 at jump altitude winds not over 30 knots

42. What are the specific considerations for the Drop Zone?
a. Night – 5 minutes prior to drop time, all lights on or near the drop zone must be extinguished, 2 Water within 1000 meters of the Drop Zone there must be a man in a recovery boat, 3 Power lines within 1000 meters of the DZ, power must be turned off

43. What is a Combat Control Team?
a. An Air Force element that sets up drop zones for conventional units.
They have direct radio communication with the aircraft.

44. What are the four types of Special Forces drop zones?
a. 1 Primary, 2 Alternate, 3 Unmarked, and 4 Area

45. What are the criteria for Primary and Alternate drop zones?
a. 1 reasonably secure, 2 accessible, 3 safe, 4 can be identified by the aircrew, 5 free of hostile installations that can interdict, Alternate DZ’s should be located close to the aircraft track to the Primary DZ

46. What is an unmarked drop zone?
a. Exactly as the name implies, it is a DZ that is not marked. It is normally limited by visibility to specific astronomical conditions, it is usually odd shaped and sized. Isolated or remote from enemy threat. Should be close to the evacuation route.

47. What is the purpose of unmarked drop zones?
a. Receipt of emergency supplies

48. What is an Area Drop Zone?
a. A series of potential drop zones on the same track. Individual drop zones will not be more than ½ nautical mile off track and there will be not more than 28 km (15nm) between DZs. There will not be any elevation changes over 90 meters. Each drop zone will be identified by individual coordinates.

49. What are the selection criteria for drop zones?
a. 1 Safety, 2 weather, astronomical conditions, 3 SECURITY, 4 shape, 5, size, 6 ground surface, 7 terrain

50. What is the minimum size of a personnel drop zone?
a. A radius of 305 meters

51. What are the five elements of the reception committee?
a. 1 Command, 2 Security, 3 Marking, 4 Recovery, 5 Transportation

52. What type of security is required at drop zones?
a. Inner and outer security

53. What is the minimum manning of the Recovery element?
a. 2 men per bundle or person

54. What is the standard DZ marking?
a. The NATO “L”

55. What are the three factors necessary to determine the Ground Release Point?
a. Dispersion, Wind Drift, and Forward Throw

56. What is Dispersion?
a. The distance between the first and last landing on the ground

57. What is Wind Drift?
a. The amount of lateral dispersion caused by blowing wind

58. What is forward throw?
a. The distance a jumper or bundle will continue to travel forward along the aircraft track before inertia is used up and gravity and wind drift take over

59. What is the formula for dispersion?
a. D=RT
b. Dispersion = .51 x speed of the aircraft x exit time

60. What is the Dispersion Factor for a C-130?
a. C-130 125 kn (63.75)

61. What is the Dispersion factor for a C-141?
a. C-141 130 kn (66.300)

62. How is the exit time determined?
a. Total number of jumpers and bundles divided by number of doors subtract 1 (for the door jumper)

63. What is the formula for Wind Drift?
a. D=KAV
b. Drift = parachute constant x aircraft AGL (in 100’s od feet) x wind velocity (in knots)

64. What are the parachute constants?
a. Cargo = 2.6 and Personnel = 4.1

65. When conducting a mixed (personnel and cargo) drop what constant should be used?
a. Always use the constant for personnel 4.1

66. What is the factor for Forward Throw?
a. Always the constant 220 meters

67. What is the Drop Zone Safety Factor?
a. Add 100 meters at each end of the dispersion. Add a total of 200 meters to the calculation

68. What is the personnel load of a C-130?
a. Normal -- 64 pax, Emergency – 130 pax

69. What is the personnel load of a C-141?
a. Normal -- 152 pax, Emergency – 180 pax

70. When putting out DZ markers what is the line of sight ratio?
a. 1:15

71. How do you determine Line of sight?
a. Multiply the height of the nearest obstacle by 15

72. What is the distance between panels in a NATO “L”
a. 46 meters between the line of flight panels (A – apex -- and B)
b. 46 meters between the first perpendicular panels (A – apex -- and )
c. 46 meters between the outer perpendicular panels (C and D)

73. What track will the aircraft fly relative to the panels?
a. The aircraft will fly parallel to the A and B panels, offset to the right by 91 meters

74. What is the procedure for laying out a drop zone?
a. 1 determine where you want people to land, 2 determine dispersion, 3 add the safety zone, 4 figure how long the drop zone is in seconds. 5 Determine where you want the first person or bundle to land. 6 determine wind drift and pace off walking into the wind. 7 Determine forward throw (220 m) pace that off walking parallel to the aircraft track. This is the RELEASE POINT, 8 offset 91 meters (100 yards) to the left. This is where the A panel goes.

75. If smoke is used on the drop zone, how should it be placed?
a. So that it does not obscure the panels
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Old 12-05-2011, 13:52   #17
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Thank you.

Thank you, Sir. Bookmarked and recorded.
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Old 12-05-2011, 14:14   #18
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Personally I think every young 18X should make a copy of these notes,they're extremely informative and should be of considerable help for any test these young tigers receive.......

Big Teddy
I believe that SF is a 'calling' - not too different from the calling missionaries I know received. I knew instantly that it was for me, and that I would do all I could to achieve it. Most others I know in SF experienced something similar. If, as you say, you HAVE searched and read, and you do not KNOW if this is the path for you --- it is not....
Zonie Diver

SF is a calling and it requires commitment and dedication that the uninitiated will never understand......
Jack Moroney

SFA M-2527, Chapter XXXVII
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Old 12-05-2011, 14:30   #19
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Originally Posted by Dozer523 View Post
Back in the mid 80's, when I was in the Special Forces Detachment Officers Course, I was a big note taker -- filled a few spiral bound ones. All of this is from non-classified classes.
I see an Oprah Book Club Selection in your future..

I'm jealous,, my Team Momma throws out everything not in the safe..

Thanks for sharing..
Go raibh tú leathuair ar Neamh sula mbeadh a fhios ag an diabhal go bhfuil tú marbh

"May you be a half hour in heaven before the devil knows you’re dead"
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Old 12-05-2011, 15:24   #20
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Old 08-26-2012, 21:34   #21
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Copying them all down as we speak. Thank you.
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Old 06-12-2013, 09:13   #22
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De Oppresso Liber
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